In a previous interview, he complained that his girlfriend was handcuffed despite a shoulder injury and led into the street wearing only a nightshirt.

He said police pointed their weapons at him, aggravating his post-traumatic stress disorder.

Olivas wasn’t charged and police ended up taking clippings from his 18 marijuana plants rather than seizing them.

However, a signed search warrant provided legal cover for the officers, U.S. District Magistrate Judge Michael E. Hegarty concluded in dismissing the lawsuit.

“How do you establish an unlawful search and seizure when there’s a warrant?” asked Colorado Springs attorney Ed Farry, who wasn’t involved in the case.

The legal clash became a local example of obstacles faced by veterans who turn to marijuana for treatment. Some are discouraged from using the drug out of fears their veterans’ benefits could be disrupted, advocates say.

Others have expressed concern about law enforcement action given the drug’s murky legal status: Although marijuana is legal to possess and grow in Colorado, it remains illegal under federal law.

It’s unclear whether Olivas’ complaints of harsh tactics translated into any changes in how Fountain police handle marijuana enforcement.

John Trylch, a spokesman for the city of Fountain, declined to comment, and Fountain police Sgt. Scott Gilbertsen did not respond to an email. Olivas’ attorney, Terrence A. Johnson of Woodland Park, did not return multiple phone messages.

The judge’s dismissal likely marks the final word on Olivas’ complaint.

“If the lawyering was competent, and if it raised all the issues that could be raised, presented all the facts that could be presented, and it still got thrown out, I suspect the claim is deceased,” said Colorado Springs attorney Phil Dubois, who wasn’t involved.